Mexican composer. At the age of nine he joined the Jerez community band as a saxophonist, and took lessons from the director, Narciso Arriaga. He later played the viola in a string quartet, and was a horn player in the state band. He served in the military, and later settled in Mexico City and in 1918 became a pupil of Campa at the Conservatorio National. In 1928, he was invited to join the Orquesta Sinfonica de Mexico as a horn player, and also was a librarian. All of his initial compositions were played by this orchestra. These works include: Imagenes (1927) a prizewinning impression of his home town in 1929, Pueblerinas (1931) a carnival piece, Surco (1935) a country life symphonic poem, four symphonies in Classical sonata form, incorporating nationalist themes were performed in 1930, 1936, 1938, and 1942. Some of his symphonies include: No. 2 subtitled Oxpaniztli for the eleventh month of the Aztec calendar, no.4 named Cora after the tribe that gave Chavez the theme in his Sinfonia india. His late works were noted for their Mexican nationalism.